It is often necessary for the patient to have a YAG laser capsulotomy performed following a period of time after a cataract extraction with implant has been done.
After the cataract is removed and the implant is inserted, a thin membrane or capsule is left in the space behind the implant for support. Often time, this membrane will become cloudy causing decreased vision or glare. YAG laser surgery opens the cloudy membrane in turn allowing clearer vision for the patient.
YAG laser capsulotomy is a simple procedure to undergo. It is done on an outpatient basis with little or no discomfort involved. There is no preoperative preparation needed. Anesthetic drops are used to numb the eye. Several applications of the laser are applied to the cloudy membrane, resulting in a clear opening in the center of the membrane. Patients will often have an improvement in vision within a few hours. Unlike cataract surgery, there is no risk of bleeding or infection. There is, however, a small risk of retinal detachment of retina swelling.